PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source object-relational database. Installing PostgreSQL on Ubuntu was always a problem for me when I started using PostgreSQL. The problem was in setting up the root user credentials. I have tried lot of commands with no success. After so many tries I found the correct command to use. I'm documenting the steps here which will help some newbies trying to install PostgreSQL on Ubuntu.
- Ubuntu - 20.04
- PostgreSQL - 12
- pgAdmin4 - 4.24
Step 1: Install PostgreSQL
You can install PostgreSQL 12 using the command
sudo apt install postgresql
Step 2: Set root user credentials
Login to PostgreSQL shell using the command
sudo -u postgres psql
Then set root user credentials using the command
ALTER USER postgres PASSWORD 'newpassword';
You can now exit the PostgreSQL shell using the command
Henceforth you can login to the PostgreSQL shell using the command
psql -U postgres -h localhost
and the password you set in the previous step.
Step 3: Create multiple users (optional)
You can the list the users in PostgreSQL using the command
You can create user using the command
CREATE USER arul WITH CREATEDB LOGIN ENCRYPTED PASSWORD 'admin';
You should also create a database with the same name as the user. Create database using the command
CREATE DATABASE arul;
You can grant access to existing databases to the user using the command
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE codingpub TO arul;
Using the above command, we have granted access to the database
codingpub to the user
Step 4: Install pgAdmin (recommended)
pgAdmin is the most popular and feature rich Open Source administration tool for PostgreSQL. Installing pgAdmin is optional but recommended. You can try an online demo of pgAdmin4 here.
Create the repository configuration file:
curl https://www.pgadmin.org/static/packages_pgadmin_org.pub | sudo apt-key add sudo sh -c 'echo "deb https://ftp.postgresql.org/pub/pgadmin/pgadmin4/apt/$(lsb_release -cs) pgadmin4 main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pgadmin4.list && apt update'
pgAdmin4 can be installed in two modes:
To install desktop mode, use the command:
sudo apt install pgadmin4-desktop
To install web mode, use the command:
sudo apt install pgadmin4-web
To install both, use the command:
sudo apt install pgadmin4
To configure web mode, run the command:
and follow the on-screen instructions. This is required only one time after the installation.
Note that in both the modes, pgAdmin4 opens in a web browser. How you open pgAdmin4 varies based on the mode you select.
Now we have installed PostgreSQL and pgAdmin successfully. Feel free to post your comments.
You can watch the YouTube video given above for a demo of the installation process.